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TOXICOLOGY DRUG TESTING

The BCA Toxicology section utilizes immunoassay and mass spectrometry to analyze antemortem and postmortem biological samples for illicit drugs and prescription medications.  Forensic drug testing is a viable investigation tool in cases ranging from DWI to Homicide.
 

The Toxicology section currently uses the following instrumentation to look for drugs:

  • Enzyme Immunosorbent Assay (EIA)
  • Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS)
  • Liquid Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer (LC-MS/MS)
  • 3200 QTRAP Mass Spectrometer (QTRAP)
  • 4500 QTRAP Mass Spectrometer (QTRAP)
              GC-MS InstrumentLC-MS/MS Instrument      
                                   GC-MS                                                                     LC-MS/MS
         
Drugs that are identified in blood samples are reported quantitatively (amount) while drugs that are identified in urine are reported qualitatively (present or not detected).
 
Drugs can be identified in blood or urine unless specifically stated otherwise.
 
Drugs that the Toxicology section currently looks for (drug scheduling information):
 
 
Drug Common Names

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabiol

  • 11-hydroxy-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (metabolite)
  • 11-nor-9-carboxy-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (metabolite)
 Marijuana, Pot, Reefer, Weed 
​Dissociative Anesthetic Drug Common Names
Ketamine Ketalar, Special K
Phencyclidine ​PCP, Angel Dust
​Narcotic Analgesics Drug ​Common Names
Codeine Tylenol 3, Fioricet
​Hydrocodone ​Vicodin, Lorcet, Lortab
​Hydromorphone ​Dilaudid
Morphine ​MS Contin, Duramorph, Kadian
6-mono acetylmorphine ​Heroin
​Oxycodone ​Oxycontin, Roxicodone, Percolone
​Oxymorphone ​Opana, Numorphan

​Propoxyphene

  • Norpropoxyphene (metabolite)
​Darvon, Darvocet
​Methadone ​Dolophine, Methadose, Disckets
Depressants ​Drug Common Names
​Carisoprodol Soma, Vanadom
​Meprobamate ​Equanil, Miltown
​Gamma Hydroxybutyrate ​GHB, xyrem, sodium oxybate, Liquid X, Georgia Home Boy
​Zolpidem ​Ambien
​Barbiturates and Phenytoin ​Amobarbital ​Amytal sodium, Tuinal
​Butalbital ​Fioricet
​Pentobarbital ​Nembutal
​Phenobarbital ​Solfoton, Luminal
​Secobarbital ​Seconal sodium
​Phenytoin ​Dilantin
​Benzodiazepines ​Diazepam ​Valium
​Nordiazepam ​Madar, Nordaz (Europe)
​Oxazepam ​Serax
​Temazepam ​Restoril
​Lorazepam ​Ativan

​Alprazolam

  • a-hydroxy-alprazolam (metabolite)
​Xanax, Benzedine

​Clonazepam

  • 7-amino-clonazepam (metabolite)
​Klonopin
​7-amino-flunitrazepam ​Rohypnol metabolite

​Midazolam

  • a-hydroxy-midazolam (metabolite)
​Versed, Hypnovel (Europe)

​Triazolam

  • a-hydroxy-triazolam (metabolite)
​Halcion
​Desalkylflurazepam ​Dalmane metabolite
Stimulants Drug ​Common Names

​Cocaine

  • benzoylecgonine (metabolite)
  • cocaethylene (metabolite)
​Coke
​Phenethylamines ​Amphetamine ​Adderall, Dexedrine
​Methamphetamine ​Speed, Desoxyn
​Ephedrine ​Primatene, Quadrinal
​Pseudoephedrine ​Sudafed, Chlor Trimeton
​Methylenedioxymethamphetamine ​MDMA, XTC, Ecstasy, Love Drug
​Methylenedioxyamphetamine ​MDA (parent drug to MDMA)
​Phenylpropanolamine ​PPA, Norephedrine
​Cathinone ​Khat
Designer Drugs​
Fluormethcathinone​ Flephedrone, 4-FMC​
Methylmethcathinone​ Mephedrone, MeowMeow, 4-MMC​
N-benzylpiperazine​ BZP​
3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone​ Methylone, M1, MDMC or bk-MDMA​
Alpha-pyrrolidinopentiphenone​ alpha-PVP, gravel​
Methylenedioxypyrovalerone​ MDPV, MDPK, MTV, magic or super coke​
Hallucinogens Drug Common Names
Psilocin (Urine Only)​ Mushrooms, Psilocybin​