The Minnesota National Guard is under state jurisdiction and can be called by the governor to assist the state during disasters or other state emergencies. The National Guard stands ready to provide units and specialists to the state to protect life and property, and preserve peace, order, and public safety.
National Guard assistance may be provided when a situation is beyond the capacity of local, tribal, or state government to control and all civil resources have been exhausted and if required resources are not available from commercial sources. In addition, the Guard may be called when vital public services are lost and an immediate substantial threat to public health, safety or welfare is evident. Guard assistance is limited to tasks that the National Guard can perform more efficiently and effectively than any other agency.
Typical state active duty missions
- Traffic Control
- Search and Rescue
- Civil Disturbance Control
- Fire Protection / Fighting
- Natural Disaster Relief
- Emergency Debris Clearance
The National Guard is not a first responder; local authorities remain in charge of an incident. Minnesota Guard soldiers always remain under the charge of their military chain of command. Mission closure occurs when the protection of life and property, and preservation of peace, order, and public safety is deemed restored.
State active duty mobilization
County Sheriffs, or the Mayor of a city of the first class, may request National Guard assistance from the Minnesota Duty Officer who then contacts the Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management (HSEM) to process the request. HSEM coordinates with the National Guard and the Governor who approves/disapproves requests for support. The National Guard then contacts local Sheriff/Police Chief/tribal leader to coordinate mission requirements.