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Minnesota State Patrol

A Division of the Minnesota Department of Public Safety

School Bus Safety

​​School Bus Inspection Manual
The school bus inspection manual is now available!Download your copy today​!  ​

Manual users will note​ the content is much easier to follow than previous versions. The content of each chapter is, for the most part, listed alphabetically. For more in-depth information, links are provided to the standards, laws, rules, or regulations applicable to each inspection item. Feel free to print copies for a quick reference.

School Bus Inspections

State statute requires every school bus to be inspected annually by the Minnesota State Patrol. These mandated inspections are carried out by seven inspection teams who are deployed regionally. Contact information for the inspectors is listed later on this page. 
Additionally, state troopers assigned to pupil transportation safety conduct driver reviews, investigate complaints, and facilitate training for carriers, managers, and drivers. Their contact information is also listed later on this page. 

Wheelchair Securement Inspection​​s

Vehicles used to transport persons in wheelchairs or other mobility aids, such as vehicles used for public transit, residential care facilities, or taxi services, are required to be properly equipped with ramps or lifts, as well as proper wheelchair tiedown and passenger restraint systems. These items must meet the requirements of federal motor vehicle safety standards, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and applicable manufacturer recommendations. Vehicles so equipped are required to be inspected annually by State Patrol personnel and cannot be used to transport persons in wheelchairs unless each vehicle is inspected and displays a current inspection certificate/sticker. Contact the inspection team for your region, as listed below, to schedule an inspection of your vehicle(s). 

Inspection teams in the Twin Cities metropolitan regions set aside the month of June each year for wheelchair vehicle inspections. C​​lick here for dates, locations, and other important information you need to know before your inspection. If you need a vehicle inspected at any other time, contact the applicable Metro inspection team to schedule an appointment.

Stop for School Buses: It's the Law!

  • State law requires all vehicles to stop for school buses when the bus driver activates the flashing lights and has the crossing arm fully extended.
  • Drivers who violate the law face a $500 fine.
  • Drivers can face criminal charges for passing a school bus on the right, passing when a child is outside the bus, or injuring or killing a child. 


  • Motorists must stop at least 20 feet from a school bus that is displaying red flashing lights or a stop arm when approaching from the rear and from the opposite direction on undivided roads.
  • Motorists should slow down, pay attention and anticipate school children and buses, especially in neighborhoods and school zones.
  • The best way to be aware ​of your surroundings at all times is to put the distractions away.


  • When getting off a bus, look to be sure no cars are passing on the shoulder.
  • Wait for the bus driver to signal that it’s safe to cross.
  • When crossing the street to get on the bus or to go home, make eye contact with motorists before proceeding.  

 Citations by Year

​2015 ​2016​2017​2018​2019​Total
​1,240 ​1,153 ​1,120 ​1,076 ​1,174 ​5,763

 Annual Stop-Arm Survey

Each year, bus drivers across the state participate in a one-day stop-arm Survey

​Year ​Number of Drivers​Number of Violations Observed
2019​ ​​2,376 ​625
​2018 ​2,802 ​583
​2017 ​3,659 ​703
​2016 ​2,623 ​529
​2015 ​3,570 ​613

School Bus Brochure: School Bus Aware: The Way to Success

Be Ready to Ride

Drivers and students share the responsibility of making the trip to and from school safely. Please watch and share this brief video describing how you can Be Ready to Ride

School Bus Contacts

Lieutenant Brian Reu
Pupil Transportation Safety Director
Phone: (651) 350-2007
CVI Sgt. Jay K. Sletten
Chief Inspector
Phone: (651) 350-2008

Regional Troopers

Sergeant Kelly R. Johnson
Northern Regional Trooper
Phone: (612) 360-5172
Sergeant Mike Krukowski
Metro / Central Regional Trooper
Phone: (651) 492-7414
Sergeant Chad Dauffenbach
Southern Regional Trooper
Phone: (507) 430-0791

Regional School Bus Inspectors

This map identifies school bus inspector regions.
​Inspectors ​Contact Phone
​South Metro Bigelow, Patrick ​(612) 432-8731
South Metro​ Kotoski, Gail
(651) 247-8156
North Metro ​Hoberg, Michael ​(651) 276-2781
​North Metro Jamison, Brad
(952) 923-4339
​North Metro Kronick, Dan
​(651) 373-1005
​Southeast ​Hofschulte, Ethan ​(507) 450-1511
​Southeast Nyberg, Steve (507) 429-5008
​Southwest Streff, Dean ​(507) 215-2310
​Southwest Gass, Whendy ​(612) 655-5549
​Central ​Harms, Cynthia (320) 345-0018
​Central Bye, Curtis ​(320) 372-0370

​Northwest Tradewell, Lee ​(218) 849-1377
​Northeast Dinehart, Cassandra ​(218) 780-9982



School Bus Driver Resources

Model School Bus Driver Manual

Each section of the Model Driver Manual may be downloaded independently. A complete manual is not available for download at this time. 


Unit I      Driving Skills 
Unit I      Survey  
Unit II     Human Relations
Unit II     Survey
Unit III    Crash and Emergency Preparedness
Unit III    Survey
Unit IV    Vehicle Care, Inspection & Use
Unit IV    Survey
Unit V     Laws, Regulations & Recommendations
Unit V     Student Stop Lane Usage Examples
Unit V     Inspection Decals Examples
Unit V     Survey 
Unit VI    Special Needs Transportation
Unit VI    Ride Safe - The Wheelchair 
Unit VII   Towing of Trailers

School Bus Driver Certification (CDL)

Driver Certification - Appendix D
8 Hour Training Option - Appendix F 
Appendix E Surveys
Type III School Bus Driver Evaluation – Appendix A1

Type III School Bus Pre-trip Inspection Forms 

Trailer Pre-trip Inspection Form

School Bus Inspection Resources​

Minnesota School Bus Inspection Manual

NEW! School Bus Inspection Manual​ - This manual supersedes all other Minnesota school bus inspection manuals. Download a copy to your computer to take advantage of the multitude of reference links contained throughout the document. Print or copy at will. 

Related Forms


Na​tional School Transportation Standards and Procedures

The National Congress on Student Transportation updates the national standards every five years. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Congress scheduled for May 2020 has been postponed to May 2021, or later. The standards are adopted through Minnesota Statute 169.4501.

Listed below are links to the standards, each marked with their effective date. The standards apply to all new school buses or used buses placed into service for the first time in Minnesota, on or after the effective date of the standards.

1990 - Effectiv​e Jan. 1, 1995
​​1995​​ - Effective Jan. 1, 1998
2000 - Effective Nov. 1, 2004
2005 - Effective Jan. 1, 2008
2010 - Effective Jan. 1, 2013
2015 - Effective July 1, 2017​​

School Bus Inspection Results

In Minnesota, there are five types of authorized school buses (Type A, Type B, Type C, Type D and Type III) used to transport children to and from school and school-related activities. View examples of school bus types.

Minnesota's school bus inspection program is conducted in accordance with Minnesota State Statute 169.451.

A school bus displaying a defect as defined in the “School Bus Recommended Out-of-Service Criteria" in the most recent edition of the “National School Transportation Specifications and Procedures" adopted by the National Congress on School Transportation is deemed unsafe for student transportation. This school bus is immediately prohibited from transporting school children until the defects are corrected. A rejection sticker is affixed to the bus. Pending re-inspection by the State Patrol, a school bus bearing a rejection sticker may be used to transport pupils only if all defects have been corrected and the inspection form has been signed by the owner or designee certifying the corrections. The signed certification form must be carried in the first aid kit on the bus for immediate verification of repairs by enforcement personnel.

A school bus that has had an inspection completed in which no out-of-service defects were identified has passed the inspection and a member of the state patrol will affix an inspection certificate to the lower left corner of the windshield.

School bus inspection results are listed by year and by school district or contractor. If unable to find the results for a specific school district for the current year it is because the annual inspections have not yet been completed. The inspection results are updated monthly.

For questions regarding inspection results for a particular school district, contact the school’s transportation director or the superintendent of schools. A listing of district superintendents and their contact information is available through the Minnesota Department of Education.