Drug facilitated sexual assault is the act of utilizing alcohol and/or drugs to incapacitate a victim in order to commit nonconsensual sexual acts. Alcohol and/or any drug can be used as a date rape drug, depending on the dose.
- Due to the potential intoxication some drugs may produce, a victim will typically report they were:
• Not feeling “right”
• Awake and were aware of what was happening, but were unable to move
• Sleep walking – experienced altered levels of consciousness
• Remembering only fragments of the evening – “flashbulb memories”
• Nauseous, dizzy and/or agitated
• Not consuming alcohol
• Unsure they had sex
• Not sure how they got to the location they woke up in
• Missing clothing
• Certain that the amount alcohol they voluntarily drank was not enough to cause the level of sedation or control that they experienced.
Statements, similar to those above from a victim may indicate that DFSA testing should take place.
Some drugs have had a blue dye added to the pill – ask the victim if their beverage was the wrong color.
Some drugs can taste salty or soapy if they are not pure – ask the victim if their beverage tasted strange.
- Collect a blood and urine sample in each case prior to the SARS exam. BCA evidence collection kits should be utilized for obtaining these samples.
• If the victim self-collected a urine sample, submit it with the evidentiary sample for testing and create a chain of custody.
- If a search is made of the premises where the victim was, consider looking for and collecting:
• Liquor bottles
• Prescription and over the counter bottles
• Drinking glasses
• Used Kleenex
• Used feminine products
The investigation should drive the testing. If your agency suspects that drugs were used to facilitate a sexual assault, please submit a copy of your agency report along with the toxicology samples.