Hazard Mitigation Planning Resources
Integrating Hazard Mitigation Into Local Planning: Case Studies and Tools for Community Officials
The publication provides practical guidance on how to incorporate risk reduction strategies into existing local plans, policies, codes, and programs that guide community development or redevelopment patterns. It includes recommended steps and tools to assist with local integration efforts, along with ideas for overcoming possible impediments, and presents a series of case studies to demonstrate successful integration in practice.
The document also includes several pull-out fact sheets to provide succinct guidance on specific integration topics. This resource is intended for those who are engaged in any type of local planning, but primarily community planners and emergency managers who are involved with hazard mitigation planning and implementation.
Local Mitigation Planning Handbook
The Local Mitigation Planning Handbook (Handbook) is the official guide for local governments to develop, update and implement local mitigation plans. The Handbook provides guidance to local governments on developing or updating hazard mitigation plans to meet the requirements for FEMA approval and eligibility to apply for FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance grant programs. It also offers practical approaches, tools, worksheets and local mitigation planning examples for how communities can engage in effective planning to reduce long-term risk from natural hazards and disasters.
Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards
The purpose of this document is to provide a resource that communities can use to identify and evaluate a range of potential mitigation actions for reducing risk to natural hazards and disasters. The focus of this document is mitigation, which is action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to hazards. Ideas for mitigation actions are presented for the following natural hazards: Drought, Earthquake, Erosion, Extreme temperatures, Flood, Hail, Landslide, Lightning, Sea level rise, Severe wind, Severe winter weather, Storm surge, Subsidence, Tornado, Tsunami, and Wildfire.
The Silver Jackets program provides a formal and consistent strategy for an interagency approach to planning and implementing measures to reduce the risks associated with flooding and other natural hazards.
The program is a partnership of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and state agencies. Silver Jacket programs are developed at the state level with support from the Corps, FEMA and other Federal agencies. There are currently several state teams; the ultimate goal is to offer teams to each state.
The program's primary goals are to:
Create or supplement a mechanism to collaboratively address risk management issues, prioritize those issues, and implement solutions
Increase and improve risk communication through a unified interagency effort
Leverage information and resources, including providing access to such national programs as FEMA's Map Modernization program and RiskMAP programs and USACE's Levee Inventory and Assessment Initiative
Provide focused, coordinated hazard mitigation assistance in implementing high-priority actions such as those identified by state mitigation plans
Identify gaps among the various agency programs and/or barriers to implementation, such as conflicting agency policies or authorities, and provide recommendations for addressing these issues
The program's desired outcomes are:
- Reduced flood risk
- Agencies better understand and leverage each other's programs
- Collaboration between various agencies, coordinated programs, cohesive solutions
- Multi-agency technical resource for state and local agencies
- Mechanism for establishing relationships to facilitate integrated solutions post-disaster
USACE Silver Jackets Program
- Promotes public awareness of proper management
- Promotes professional status of individuals involved
- Provides educational opportunities for concerned individuals
- Provides a method for disseminating information
- Informs stakeholders of pending legislation
- Studies and support needed legislation